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Peking Opera: Mei Lanfang's Stagecraft VCD Set

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Beijing Opera: Mei Lanfang's Stagecraft VCD
Published by Beijing Audio-Visual Production Ltd, 1999

A film of Mei Lanfang's stagecraft contains Master Mei's excellent performance in the Broken Bridge, an act of the White Snake, the Cosmos Sword (Beauty Defies Tyranny), Farewell My Concubine, and Drunken Concubine.

Mei Lanfang (1894 - 1961), a well-known Beijing Opera Qing Yi role actor, master of Mei school.
Born in the family of famous opera actors of Peking on October 22, 1894. Mei began studying Beijing Opera at eight and played his debut role at 12. His performance in "Shattering Flowers" won him a special fame. He joined Xi-Lian-Cheng Theatrical Company at 14 and performed in Shanghai and elsewhere thereafter. He acquired a national reputation and was regarded as the leader of the Pear Garden (Chinese theatrical circle). Outside of China began to understand Beijing Opera through his performances. He toured Japan twice (1919 and 1924), the United States once (1930), and the Soviet Union twice in 1932 and 1935.
After the outbreak of Chinese Anti-Japanese War in 1937 he settled in Hong Kong. He then returned to Shanghai but stopped his performance for five years. He then maintained his beard and mustache, and refused to perform for the occupying Japanese army. He resumed his stage career after the end of the war in 1946. Thereafter he did both stage and film work. There is a film Mei Lanfang's Stagecraft featuring his stage performances including several play sections. His last masterpiece "Re-commanding the Army" was shot into a colored film. He served as director or member of several cultural organizations.
Mei Lanfang explored many long-neglected theatrical masterpieces and brought them back on stage with his enforcements. He was credited with having revived the traditional Chinese arts of dancing and pantomime. He also enriched the stage performance by learning from Chinese Kungfu, like the swordplay in his Farewell My Concubine. He put special attention on the ladyship of his performance. He was said that once he even pretended to assault his wife to observe her frightened reaction and then apologize to her because he did not satisfy with one of his actions in a play.
Mei Lanfang died on August 7, 1961 in Beijing. His masterpiece plays include "Farewell My Concubine", "The Drunken Concubine (or Drunken Beauty)", "Re-commanding the Army", "Scattering Flowers", and "Eternal Regret" etc. A bunch of female role actors and actresses follow his style, among which his son, Mei Baojiu, is a present successor to the Mei School of Beijing Opera.

ba wang bie ji

新中国舞台影视艺术精品选?京剧:梅兰芳舞台艺术(上)(下)
【导 演】 吴祖光
【主 演】 梅兰芳
【出 版 商】 北京北影录音录像公司
【配音/语种】 国语
【 ISRC 】 cna089901080

【内容简介】

国剧大师梅兰芳一共留下7部戏曲影像资料片。其中费穆执导的《生死恨》,是梅大师青年时代的作品。余下6部皆产生于二十世纪五、六十年代,其时梅大师年事已高,但表演技艺可谓登峰造极。这6部片子中,《霸王别姬》、《宇宙锋》、《贵妃醉酒》、《洛神》等4部是京剧,余下的两部,《断桥》和《游园惊梦》,是昆曲。建国初年拍摄的彩色影片《梅兰芳舞台艺术》概括介绍了著名京剧表演艺术家梅兰芳先生50年来艺术生活的发展过程和成就,还记录了梅先生许多杰作中的精彩节目:

《断桥》(昆曲)
《白蛇传》中一折,许仙听信法海谗言将白娘子抛弃;后来,许仙在断桥与小青、女娘子三人和好。 

《宇宙锋》
秦二世赐给大臣匡洪一把宝剑?#23431;宙峰?#12290;匡洪的儿子匡扶是权臣赵高的女婿。后来赵高与匡洪不和,怀恨在心;命人盗取?#23431;宙峰?#34892;刺秦二世,嫁祸匡洪,匡洪全家入狱;只有匡扶在赵高女儿的帮助下,假扮家人赵忠才能逃亡。有一个夜晚,秦二世过访赵高送女入宫。赵女不从,在哑奴的示意下,碎衣毁容,假作疯颠。次日上殿,依旧装疯笑骂。二世无可奈何,将她赶下殿去。这里拍摄的是舞台上最流行的?#20462;本?#21644;?#37329;殿?#20004;场。

《霸王别姬》
汉高祖刘邦拜韩信为大元帅,兴兵伐楚。韩信使李左车到楚营诈降,楚霸王项羽听信李左车的话率军迎战;妃子虞姬和众将力劝不能轻举妄动,项羽不听,结果被困在垓上。韩信命人在楚营四周高唱楚歌,惑乱军心。项羽听到四面楚歌,以为汉兵尽得楚地,大势已去。虞姬在筵前歌葬,安慰项羽。汉兵进攻甚急,楚兵纷纷逃亡。虞姬拔项羽之剑自刎。项羽战死乌江。这里拍摄的是?#20061;里山会战?#21644;?#21035;姬?#20004;场。

《贵妃醉酒》
贵妃杨玉环奉唐明皇之命在百花亭设宴,谁知明皇转往西宫梅妃处。 杨贵妃失宠借酒浇愁,喝得大醉显出许多醉态。对高力士、裴力士说了许多醉话。

yu zhou feng

梅兰芳生平

梅兰芳是京剧表演艺术家,工旦,生于1894年10月22日,原籍江苏泰州,长期寓居北京。出身于梨园世家,其祖父、父亲、伯父均为著名艺人或著名琴师。8岁开始学戏,9岁拜吴菱仙为师学青衣,10岁首次登台演织女。1913?#65297;914年间,他两次应邀赴上海演出,上座率盛况空前。演出期间,他又观看了反映近代、当代题材的新戏,对其艺术思想产生了积极的影响。从此,他开始排演大量的新剧目,并开始了对艺术的改革和创新。1915年4月到1916年9月,他排演了11出新戏,积极挖掘整理演出传统剧目,对京剧艺术的发展起到了承前启后的重要作用。

梅兰芳在艺术上的卓越成就也引起了国外人士的重视。他曾于1949年前两次赴日本演出,一次赴美国演出,一次赴苏联演出,向海外传播中国文化及表演艺术。所到之处,受到高度评价,并荣获美国波摩那学院和南加州大学的荣誉文学博士学位。梅兰芳不仅是一位杰出的艺术家,还是一位伟大的爱国主义者。1931年,?#20061;?#19968;八?#20107;变后,他在上海排演了《抗金兵》、《生死恨》等剧,倾注了强烈的爱国热情。在日本帝国主义侵占中国的艰苦岁月中,他身居沦陷区,不理威胁利诱,蓄须明志,拒绝演出,靠写字卖画为生,一直坚持到抗日战争胜利,表现出一位爱国艺人崇高的民族气节。中华人民共和国建立后,他曾赴朝鲜进行过多次慰问志愿军的演出,并于1956年再次东渡日本演出,增进了两国人民的友谊和相互了解。1957年11月,他作为中国劳动人民代表团的成员,参加了庆祝苏联十月社会主义革命胜利40周年大会。1959年,他加入中国共产党,并以65岁高龄排练并演出了新戏《穆桂英挂帅》,这是他的最后一出戏。1961年8月8日,梅兰芳因心脏病发作,在北京病逝。

梅派艺术

梅兰芳在50余年的舞台生活中,精心钻研,勇于革新,创造了众多优美的艺术形象,积累了大量优秀剧目,形成了令世界瞩目的京剧?#26757;派?#33402;术。他的艺术经历了三个不同的发展阶段?

积累期:从梅兰芳开始演戏到1915年左右,以继承传统为主,演出的剧目多为正统唱功戏。在此期间,他已显露出卓越的艺术才华。

创造期:从1915年到抗日战争前夕,是他创作精力最为旺盛的时期,不仅连续排演了一些时装新戏,还致力于古装新戏的创作和传统剧目的加工整理,完成了京剧旦角表演艺术上的重大革新,并对舞台美术、布景、化妆和音乐进行了重大的有突破性的改革,为后人所继承。

发展期:从抗战胜利重返舞台到逝世,是他艺术生涯的最后阶段,表演艺术已达到炉火纯青的境界。

代表剧目:《洛神》、《霸王别姬》、《廉锦枫》、《天女散花》、《麻姑献寿》、《西施》、《宇宙锋》、《贵妃醉酒》、《抗金兵》、《梁红玉》、《穆桂英挂帅》等,昆曲有《思凡》、《乔醋》、《闹学》、《游园惊梦》等。他的《游园惊梦》、《贵妃醉酒》、《断桥》等均已拍成电影。

梅派艺术主要传人:李世芳、张君秋、言慧珠、杜近芳、梅葆玖等。

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