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Theatre Movie: Shang Xiaoyun's Stagecraft VCD Set

  • Stage Art of Shang Xiaoyun VCD
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Product Description

Theatre Movie: The Stage Art of Shang Xiaoyun
Performed by Shang Xiaoyun, Shang Changrong
Produced by Xi'an Films Factory
2 VCD disks in jewel box
Published by Beijing Film Record Publishing House
ISRC: CNA089800140.

The Stage Art of Shang Xiaoyun is made up two Beijing Opera theater movies performed by Shang Xiaoyun in 1962: Lady Zhaojun's Mission beyond the Great Wall, and Mad after Lost Her Son

Shang Xiaoyun (1900-1976), a native of Nangong, Hebei province. Shang Xiaoyun first learned wu sheng and afterwards qingyi at an old-type school when he was a child, taking Sun Yuyun and Chen Delin as his teachers and was trained in huashan as well by Lu Sanbao. He learned Kunqu opera from his father-in-law Li Shoushan. He had a good voice-loud and sonorous, sweet and mellow, and clear and melodious. Following Chen Delin's style of singing, he had a favorable reception from his audiences for his full-breathed singing and high-spirited performances. His stage appearance was dignified and elegant. He acted successively with Sun Juxian, Yang Xiaolou, Wang Yaoqing, Yu Shuyan and Ma Lianliang. He was famous for his successful presentation of Sacrificing at the Riverside, Sacrifice at the Pagoda, the Third Mistress Brings Up the Son, Two Loyal Courtiers, Meeting at Xiang River, Lady Liang Hongyu, etc. Some of his new operas included the Fourth Mistress of Lin and E Mei Sword, in which he mainly played the parts of qingyi and daoma dan, showing his characteristic style of beauty, magnificence and dignifiedness. He also performed in some operas about minority nationalities such as Lady Modernga, the Beauty in the North Kingdom, etc. He made use of both national and foreign dance movements in his performances, and he was creative in rhyme scheme, theatrical costume and stage appearance. He and Mei, Cheng, Xun were called the Four Great Dan Actors. Shang Xiaoyun set up the Rong Chun Company, and made a great contribution to the development of Beijing opera by training more than two hundred apprentices. After the founding of new China, he became president of Shanxi Beijing Opera Theatre and the art adviser to China Traditional Opera School.

艺术片《尚小云舞台艺术》
导 演:桑夫
主 演:尚小云 尚长荣
出版者:北影录音录像出版社
介质:VCD
碟数:2
ISRC:CNA089800140

中国戏曲经典
绝版珍藏

剧情简介:
    本片由著名京剧表演艺术家尚小云主演,系尚小云先生经过长期舞台实践,千锤百炼,逐步丰富提高,久为广大观众所赞美的两折戏:《昭君出塞》演员:尚小云(王昭君)萧盛萱(王龙)尚长春(马夫) 京剧《汉明妃》中的一折。王昭君是西汉元帝之妃。奸臣毛延寿因贪赃不成,便逃往北国,勾结匈奴单于,大举南进,妄图夺取汉室天下。而当朝文官无能,武将怕战,元帝无奈,只得命昭君娘娘前去和番。原来毛延寿投靠单于时带去了昭君的画像,单于惊艳不已,于是在大兵压境之时,对汉室提出了迎娶昭君的要挟。昭君深明大义,慷慨出使。一路上寒风凛冽,黄沙遮天,云横雾迷,山路崎岖,备受长途跋涉之苦。她悲愤地唱道:“冷清清朔风似箭,又只见旷野云低,细雨飘丝。在那皇宫多绵绮,受洪福与天齐,自幼在闺阁之中,哪曾受,哪曾受风霜劳役。…‘怀抱琵琶别汉君,西风飒飒走胡尘。朝中甲士千千万,始信功劳在妇人。愁黯黯,雾沉沉,咬牙切齿恨奸臣”。

   《失子惊疯》尚小云(胡氏)尚长麟(寿春)尚长荣(金眼豹)方英培(林鹤)田荣芬(琴音) 《失子惊疯》是传统剧目《乾坤福寿镜》中的一折。明朝成化年间,颖州知府梅俊夫人胡氏,因怀孕十四个月未娩,梅妾徐氏因嫉妒而乘机陷害,诬胡氏身怀妖孕,将会招致家门不祥,而设计欲杀害胡氏。事为使女寿春得知,急报胡氏,并保护胡氏出逃。途中,胡氏产下一子,因乳水不足,命寿春去前村买糕干,胡氏则在巴山脚下一土台上等候。这时,巴山强盗金眼豹正带领喽罗下山抢掳,见胡氏貌美,即欲收为第二压寨夫人,将胡氏强抢上山。婴儿被弃置道旁,后为宁武总镇林鹤拾去。胡氏被掳上山后,幸为山婆所释,慌忙下山寻找寿春,主仆相遇欣喜无比,但当即发现婴儿失落,胡氏惊急之下遂致成疯。年久,胡氏人都,婴儿亦已长大成人,与胡氏相遇,因项佩乾坤福寿镜,母子得以相认。失子惊疯”是全剧最精彩部分,主要包括“夜逃”、“遇寇”、“失子”、“成疯”等几个情节,是尚派艺术保留剧目之一。

 尚小云(1900-1976)原名德泉,字绮霞。清光绪25年(乙亥年)腊月初七(暨1900年1月7日)生于河北南宫县。尚可喜后裔,属汉人旗籍。幼年曾随李春福学老生,是为“把手徒弟”。1909年进入“三乐社”科班(后改名“正乐社”),艺名“三锡”,先习武生,又学花脸,其后因师辈们见其扮相秀丽、英俊,逐让他改学旦行,师从青衣名家孙怡云,便改艺名为“小云”。1912年在广和楼公演,尚小云的戏很受欢迎,1914年被评为“第一童伶”。世人称尚小云、白牡丹(荀慧生)、芙蓉草(赵桐珊)为“正乐三杰”。

 16岁出科先后受教于戴韵芳、陈德霖、路三宝、王瑶卿等名师,艺事突飞猛进。尚小云早年习武生,对杨小楼的艺术十分仰慕,后来他把“杨派”武生的精湛表演,吸收融化,用在自己的旦角戏里,使其表演刚劲、挺拔,于旦角的妩媚多姿中又见阳刚之美。特别适于表演巾帼英雄人物。至此尚小云成为同辈旦角中,以演女中豪侠为特色的佼佼者。1918年尚小云自组“重庆社”,不断排演新剧目,以巾帼英雄人物为居多。如《卓文君》、《林四娘》、《秦良玉》、《墨黛》、《双阳公主》、《摩登伽女》、《相思寨》、《青城十九侠》、《虎乳飞仙传》、《红绡》、《峨嵋剑》等等,都是他首创演出,又成为他的独有剧目。

 1927年,由北京《顺天时报》发起选举名伶,尚小云以新编剧《摩登伽女》被选为“四大名旦”。

 1937年创办“荣春社”。不惜家产办学,培养了“荣”、“春”、“长”、“喜”两科学生,以及三个儿子。尚小云治艺严谨,无论对己对人要求十分严格,但在生活中对人十分热情,慷慨仗义,倾囊相赠。“荣春社”共培养学生200余名,遍布全国,在京剧演出和京剧教育岗位上发挥重大作用。

 新中国成立后,建立“尚小云京剧团”,任团长兼主演。1959年移居西安,任陕西省艺术学校艺术总指导。1962年,拍摄艺术片《尚小云舞台艺术》,录制《失子惊疯》和《昭君出塞》两部影片。1964年受聘于陕西省京剧院,担任该院首任院长(当时陕京是全国五大京剧团体之一)。

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